Valium

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Description

Valium, which is the trade name for Diazepam, is a benzodiazepine that is used to treat a variety issues including anxiety disorders, muscle spasms, insomnia, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, seizures, and restless legs syndrome. The drug is highly potent and most effective when used with the help of the medical practitioner. Valium is listed as a schedule IV drug that should be used only with a prescription.

What is the way that Valium works?

As a benzodiazepine, Valium works primarily by binding with the GABA receptors in the brain. The drug enhances the effects of GABA and helps to modify the chemical imbalance caused by the condition being treated. The drug typically works by producing calming effects on the mind and body. The anxiety medication takes less than an hour for onset of effects and lasts in the system for a long time with a biological half-life of about 20-100 hours.

Dosage

The Valium pills are available as compressed tablets that are administered orally. The dosage strengths of the drug range include 2mg, 5mg, and 10mg. The healthcare provider usually prescribes the lowest effective dose and adjusts the dosage according to the patient’s response and also the severity of the condition. The anti-anxiety drug is used only for the short term as prolonged use increases the risk of tolerance and dependence.

How to take Valium?

The Valium pills should be taken only as directed by the prescribing doctor for the best results. Consume the doses as indicated in the prescription, without modifying it in any manner. Inform the doctor if you do not find the dose to be effective anymore. Halting the drug should be done with the doctor’s help so that there are minimal to no withdrawal side effects.

In case of missing the dose, take it as soon as you remember or wait for the next scheduled dose without doubling it. Treat any drug overdose immediately or there can be severe health problems, including fatal overdose.

Precautions

  • The drug is not intended for use in pregnant women, those who are breastfeeding, or have problems like glaucoma, asthma, seizures, liver or kidney disease, psychological problems, or history of alcoholism.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol while on this medication.
  • Do not share the drug with anyone not prescribed for it, even if the symptoms are similar.
  • Avoid doing anything that may require your complete focus and attention, especially handling hazardous machinery.

Side effects

Common side effects

  • Loss of coordination
  • Tiredness
  • Drowsiness
  • Muscle weakness

Severe side effects

  • Trouble urinating or loss of bladder control
  • Tremors
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Feeling like passing out
  • Depression
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Hallucinations
  • Changes in behavior
  • Confusion
  • New or worsening seizures

Other drug interactions

The Valium pills may be consumed safely when checking for other drug interaction. The anxiety medication is most likely to interact adversely with drugs like sleep aids, narcotic painkillers, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, prescription cough drugs, and other anxiety remedies. Inform the doctor of all the drugs you may be taking, including vitamins and herbal formulations.

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