Adderall, which is a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine salts, is a potent medication that is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. The stimulant is prescribed due its effects of producing alertness, controlling hyperactive behavior, and better impulse control. Adderall is listed as a controlled substance under the schedule class II and may be used only with a prescription.
How Adderall works
The way Adderall works is by enhancing the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. The drug also helps release a number of hormones, which produce the stimulant effects. Since the potency is high and the drug also has habit-forming nature, it should be used only under medical supervision. Prolonged use of Adderall in higher dosages can lead to tolerance, dependence, and addiction.
Adderall is primarily available in two forms, as compressed tablets and extended release capsules. The immediate release tablets come in dosage strengths of 5mg, 7.5mg, 10mg, 12.5mg, 15mg, 20mg, and 30mg. The ADHD medication is prescribed in the lowest effective dose and gradually increased if required and according to the patient’s response to the treatment. Due to the possibility of tolerance and dependence, the user should not modify the dose without consulting with the doctor. Discontinuing the drug should be done by tapering the dose and not abruptly as there is the possibility of experiencing severe withdrawal side effects.
How to take Adderall?
Adderall should always be consumed exactly as prescribed by the doctor and the instructions provided on the prescription label. The prescribed dose should be swallowed whole as early in the day as possible, preferably in the morning. The dose should never be changed unless the doctor does. Get regular health checks done to check for any physical or mental side effects. Do not share the drug with any person who is not prescribed to take it.
The missed dose should be taken the moment you remember to do so, unless it is already quite late then you can skip it. The dose should never be doubled to make up for the missed dose.
Adderall overdose can become fatal and so should be immediately through emergency medical help. Signs of overdose include hallucinations, confusion, tremors, rapid breathing, aggressiveness, dark colored urine, nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea, seizures, fainting, and coma.
- The Adderall medication should not be consumed by with a history of drug or alcohol abuse.
- Inform the prescribing physician of all health issues, especially those related to the heart, mental problems, blood pressure, thyroid, and glaucoma.
- Avoid fruit juices, especially those high in Vitamin C, while taking the drug as they can lessen the absorption into the system.
- Adderall should not be used by pregnant and breastfeeding women. Inform the doctor if you are planning to become pregnant.
- The drug is not approved for use in children below the age of 6.
What are the Adderall side effects?
Common side effects
- Dry mouth
- Trouble sleeping
- Weight loss
- Rapid changes in mood
- Stomach pain
Severe side effects
- Changes in vision
- Signs of psychosis
- Signs of heart problems
- Blood circulation problems
Interactions with other drugs
Certain other drugs can interact adversely with Adderall and should be checked for before taking them. Be sure to inform all your doctors if you are using medication for stomach acid, blood pressure, seizures, depression, or any blood thinners or narcotics.
Store the medication in a place that is away from sources of heat, moisture, and light. Keep track of the pills used to prevent other persons from abusing the drug.